Performance of the commercially available SERION ELISA classic Echinococcus IgG test for the detection of cystic echinococcosis in clinical practice
Diagnosis of cystic echinococcosis (CE) is at present mainly based on imaging techniques. Serology has a complementary role, partly due to the small number of standardized and commercially available assays. Therefore we examined the clinical performance of the SERION ELISA classic Echinococcus IgG test. Using 10 U/ml as a cut-off point, and serum samples from 50 CE patients and 105 healthy controls, the sensitivity and specificity were 98.0% and 96.2%, respectively. If patients with other infectious diseases were used as negative controls, the specificity decreased to 76.9%, which causes poor positive predictive values. However, if results between 10 and 15 U/ml are classified as indecisive, the specificity of positive results (≥15 U/ml) increased to 92.5% without greatly affecting the sensitivity (92.0%). Using this approach in combination with imaging studies, the SERION ELISA classic Echinococcosis IgG test can be a useful aid in the diagnosis of CE.
|Keywords||cystic echinococcosis, diagnosis, Echinococcus granulosus, ELISA, serology|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0022149X18000536, hdl.handle.net/1765/109201|
|Journal||Journal of Helminthology|
Sarink, M.J. (M. J.), Koelewijn, R, Slingerland, B.C.G.C, Tielens, A.G.M, van Genderen, P.J.J, & van Hellemond, J.J. (2018). Performance of the commercially available SERION ELISA classic Echinococcus IgG test for the detection of cystic echinococcosis in clinical practice. Journal of Helminthology, 1–4. doi:10.1017/S0022149X18000536