Background: For patients who qualify for perioperative chemotherapy and gastrectomy for gastric cancer, the optimal timing of the postoperative chemotherapy (PC) seems equivocal. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of timing of PC on overall survival (OS) in patients receiving perioperative chemotherapy. Methods: Patients undergoing perioperative chemotherapy and gastrectomy with curative intent (2010–2014) were extracted from the nationwide population-based Netherlands Cancer Registry. Timing of PC was analyzed as a linear and categorical variable (<6 weeks, 6–8 weeks, and >8 weeks). Risk factors for a late start of PC (≥6 weeks), and the association between timing of PC and OS were assessed by multivariable regression analyses. Results: Among 1066 patients who underwent perioperative chemotherapy and gastrectomy, 463 (43%) patients started PC. PC was administered within 6 weeks in 208 (45%) patients, within 6–8 weeks in 155 (33%) patients, and after 8 weeks in 100 (22%) patients. A total of 419 (91%) and 351 (76%) patients finished all cycles of preoperative and PC, respectively. A late start of PC was associated with a longer hospital stay (+1 hospital day: OR 1.15, 95% CI [1.08–1.23], p < 0.001). Timing of PC was not associated with OS (6–8 weeks vs. <6 weeks, HR 1.14, 95% CI [0.79–1.65], p = 0.471; >8 weeks vs. <6 weeks, HR 1.04, 95% CI [0.79–1.65], p = 0.872). Conclusion: Timing of postoperative chemotherapy does not influence survival in patients receiving perioperative chemotherapy for gastric cancer. The results suggest that the early postoperative period may be safely used for recovery and optimizing patients for the start of PC.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.suronc.2018.05.026, hdl.handle.net/1765/109215
Journal Surgical Oncology: a review journal of cancer research & management
Citation
Brenkman, H.J.F, van Putten, M, Visser, E. (E.), Verhoeven, R.H.A, Nieuwenhuijzen, G.A.P, Slingerland, M, … Ruurda, J.P. (2018). Timing of postoperative chemotherapy in patients undergoing perioperative chemotherapy and gastrectomy for gastric cancer. Surgical Oncology: a review journal of cancer research & management, 27(3), 421–427. doi:10.1016/j.suronc.2018.05.026