The use of preoperative transcranial Doppler variables to predict which patients do not need a shunt during carotid endarterectomy
European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery , Volume 19 - Issue 3 p. 226- 232
Objectives: to analyse whether preoperative transcranial Doppler (TCD) variables can predict intraoperative shunt requirement. Design and methods: the blood-flow velocity (BFV) in the major basal cerebral arteries was measured preoperatively with TCD, in 178 patients scheduled for CEA. Carotid artery compression and CO2 reactivity tests were also performed. Intraoperative electroencephalography was used to decide whether a shunt was needed. Differences in the probability of shunt requirement between the categories of variables were assessed with crosstabs statistics. Results: preoperative TCD criteria clearly identified a subgroup of 59 patients (33%) who did not require a shunt. In general these patients appeared to have adequate collateral flow through the anterior communicating artery. In contrast, prediction of the need for a shunt was less reliable, TCD variables could predict the need for a shunt with a probability of only 60%. Conclusions: preoperative TCD can be used to identify patients who do not require a shunt during carotid endarterectomy.
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|European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery|