The Pentagon Copying Test and the Clock Drawing Test as Prognostic Markers in Dementia with Lewy Bodies
Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders p. 308- 317
Aims: To determine whether the pentagon copying test (PCT) and the clock drawing test (CDT) are associated with nursing home admission or survival in dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Methods: The PCT and/or the CDT were retrospectively collected from 103 clinically diagnosed probable DLB patients at a university medical center and general hospital. Patients with high versus low scores on these tests were compared. Results: Kaplan-Meier analysis showed that patients with a low score on the PCT had a shorter time to nursing home admission than patients with a high score (log-rank χ2 = 6.1, p = 0.01). Patients with a low score on the PCT or the CDT had a shorter survival than patients with a high score (log-rank χ2 = 5.4, p = 0.02, and log-rank χ2 = 11.2, p < 0.001, respectively). Cox regression analyses showed the same associations with an HR of 2.2 (95% CI 1.2–4.1) for the PCT and an HR of 2.9 (95% CI 1.6–5.4) for the CDT. Conclusion: The PCT and the CDT may function as prognostic markers in DLB. This finding is clinically relevant as these tests can be applied easily in the clinical setting and can provide valuable prognostic information. Furthermore, it may improve disease management and patient selection for research purposes.