The industrial seaport
The skylines of most large seaports in the world are characterised by impressive container cranes, and chimneys and refining columns belonging to industrial plants. The industrial infrastructure in seaports is usually clustered in the vicinity of maritime basins and is associated with an impressive logistics infrastructure of tank-parks and bulk terminals. Spatial proximity is an important characteristic of the seaport-related manufacturing industries, in contrast to the location pattern of seaport-related distribution centres that show a spread towards the hinterland of most seaports. Although many modern seaports are associated with seaport-related industries, the structure and impact is different for each port (Table 16.1).