Experimentation as a form of governance for sustainability transitions has been advocated from transition scholars and from geography scholars, showing that intervening to governance dynamics in cities with new lessons and new forms of innovation has the potential to reroute urban development to more sustainable outcomes. Urban living labs (ULL) focus on stimulating certain processes via which governance experimentation is designed, tested and implemented. The notion of embeddedness or "sense of place" is rather under-examined in ULL literature. The case of Veerkracht Carnisse, or Resilient Carnisse, is an ULL that focuses on empowering local communities and making the area more sustainable and resilient in the period of 2011-2015. Fast forwarding to 2015, it becomes apparent that the Veerkracht Lab is contextualised to the dynamics and characteristics of Carnisse: it is active on several primary schools, community gardens, neighbourhood centre's and families that are routed in the social and institutional fabric of the neighbourhood and it's local communities.

doi.org/10.4324/9781315230641, hdl.handle.net/1765/109428
Erasmus University Rotterdam

van Steenbergen, F., & Frantzeskaki, N. (2018). The importance of place for urban transition experiments: Understanding the embeddedness of urban living labs. In Urban Living Labs: Experimenting with City Futures (pp. 231–247). doi:10.4324/9781315230641