Introduction: Relapse of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) during conception and pregnancy has been associated with a negative pregnancy outcome. Therefore, it is advised to maintain drugs in order to prevent relapse. The effect of drugs, which cross the placenta, on children who have been exposed during pregnancy will be discussed in this review. Areas covered: A literature search was performed using the following search terms: inflammatory bowel disease, pregnancy, infant, antitumor necrosis factor alpha, infliximab, adalimumab, golimumab, certolizumab, anti-integrins, vedolizumab, anti-interleukin (IL)-12/23 ustekinumab, placenta, vaccination. Other studies were identified by using references from articles identified through our original literature search. The occurrence of unfavorable pregnancy outcome and congenital malformations does not seem to be increased after exposure to anti-TNFα, but the effects on the developing immune system are largely unknown. For anti-integrins and anti IL-12/23, the numbers of exposed pregnancies are too small to draw any conclusions. Expert commentary: Follow-up of the developing immune system in children exposed to these drugs seems warranted, preferably in a prospective study design.

Additional Metadata
Keywords anti-integrins, anti-interleukin 12/23, Anti-TNFα, child, inflammatory bowel disease, pregnancy outcome
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1080/17474124.2018.1496820, hdl.handle.net/1765/109532
Journal Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Citation
Wieringa, J.W. (Jantien W.), Driessen, G.J.A, & van der Woude, C.J. (2018). Pregnant women with inflammatory bowel disease: the effects of biologicals on pregnancy, outcome of infants, and the developing immune system. Expert Review of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (Vol. 12, pp. 811–818). doi:10.1080/17474124.2018.1496820