Self-efficacy did not predict the outcome of the transition to adult care in adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease
Aim: It can be difficult for adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) to make the transition from paediatric to adult care. We studied the outcomes of this process and defined what constituted a successful transition. Methods: In 2008, 50 adolescents who attended our IBD transition clinic completed IBD-yourself, a self-efficacy questionnaire that we had previously developed and validated. We approached the subjects in 2014, two to six years after they transferred to adult care, and 35 agreed to take part in the current study. The outcome of transition was assessed by our newly developed Transition Yourself Score. In addition, the relationship between self-efficacy and the outcome of the transition was measured. Results: The mean age of the patients was 21.8 years, and 69% suffered from Crohn's disease. The transition process was successful in 63% of cases, moderately successful in 31% and failed in 6%. A successful transition was associated with effective use of medication and clinical remission at the time of transfer, but could not be predicted by self-efficacy. The Transition Yourself Score will be validated in future studies. Conclusion: Nearly two-thirds (63%) of the adolescents who attended the IBD transition clinic had a successful transition to adult care.
|Inflammatory bowel disease, Outcome, Self-efficacy, Transfer, Transition|
|Acta Paediatrica: promoting child health|
van den Brink, G, van Gaalen, M.A. (Martha A.C.), Zijlstra, M, de Ridder, L, van der Woude, C.J. (Christine J.), & Escher, J.C. (2018). Self-efficacy did not predict the outcome of the transition to adult care in adolescents with inflammatory bowel disease. Acta Paediatrica: promoting child health. doi:10.1111/apa.14471