Background Corticosteroids are the mainstay of treatment for peritumor edema but are often associated with significant side effects. Therapies that can reduce corticosteroid use would potentially be of significant benefit to patients. However, currently there are no standardized endpoints evaluating corticosteroid use in neuro-oncology clinical trials. Methods The Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (RANO) Working Group has developed consensus recommendations for endpoints evaluating corticosteroid use in clinical trials in both adults and children with brain tumors. Results Responders are defined as patients with a 50% reduction in total daily corticosteroid dose compared with baseline or reduction of the total daily dose to ≤2 mg of dexamethasone (or equivalent dose of other corticosteroid); baseline dose must be at least 4 mg of dexamethasone daily (or equivalent dose of other corticosteroids) for at least one week. Patients must have stable or improved Neurologic Assessment in Neuro-Oncology (NANO) score or Karnofsky performance status score or Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) (Lansky score for children age <16 y), and an improved score on a relevant clinical outcome assessment tool. These criteria must be sustained for at least 4 weeks after baseline assessment to be considered a response, and are confirmed 4 weeks after that (ie, 8 wk after baseline assessment) to be considered a sustained response. Conclusions This RANO proposal for corticosteroid use endpoints in neuro-oncology clinical trials may need to be refined and will require prospective validation in clinical studies.

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Keywords corticosteroids, endpoints, peritumor edema, RANO
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Journal Neuro-Oncology
Arvold, N.D. (Nils D), Armstrong, T.S, Warren, K.E. (Katherine E), Chang, S.M. (Susan M), Deangelis, L.M. (Lisa M), Blakeley, J.O, … Wen, P.Y. (2018). Corticosteroid use endpoints in neuro-oncology: Response Assessment in Neuro-Oncology Working Group. Neuro-Oncology, 20(7), 897–906. doi:10.1093/neuonc/noy056