Extra-epitopic amino acid residues affect recognition of human influenza A viruses (IAVs) by CD8+ T-lymphocytes (CTLs) specific for the highly conserved HLA-A∗0201 restricted M1 58-66 epitope located in the matrix 1 (M1) protein. These residues are absent in the M1 protein of the 2009-pandemic IAV (H1N1pdm09). Consequently, stimulation with M1 protein of H1N1pdm09 IAV resulted in stronger activation and lytic activity of M1 58-66 -specific CTLs than stimulation with seasonal H3N2 IAVs. During >6 years of circulation in the human population, descendants of the H1N1pdm09 virus had accumulated 4 other amino acid substitutions. However, these did not affect M1 58-66 -specific CTL activation.

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doi.org/10.1093/infdis/jiy218, hdl.handle.net/1765/109672
The Journal of Infectious Diseases
Department of Virology

van de Sandt, C., Sagong, K.A. (Kyung A.), Pronk, M., Bestebroer, T., Spronken, M., Koopmans, M., D.V.M., … Rimmelzwaan, G. (2018). H1N1pdm09 influenza virus and its descendants lack extra-epitopic amino acid residues associated with reduced recognition by M1 58-66 -Specific CD8+ T Cells. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 218(4), 581–585. doi:10.1093/infdis/jiy218