Validation and Implementation of BRCA1/2 Variant Screening in Ovarian Tumor Tissue
The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics , Volume 20 - Issue 5 p. 600- 611
BRCA1/2 variant analysis in tumor tissue could streamline the referral of patients with epithelial ovarian, fallopian tube, or primary peritoneal cancer to genetic counselors and select patients who benefit most from targeted treatment. We investigated the sensitivity of BRCA1/2 variant analysis in formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor tissue using a combination of next-generation sequencing and copy number variant multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification. After optimization using a training cohort of known BRCA1/2 mutation carriers, validation was performed in a prospective cohort in which screening of BRCA1/2 tumor DNA and leukocyte germline DNA was performed in parallel. BRCA1 promoter hypermethylation and pedigree analysis were also performed. In the training cohort, 45 of 46 germline BRCA1/2 variants were detected (sensitivity, 98%). In the prospective cohort (n = 62), all six germline variants were identified (sensitivity, 100%), together with five somatic BRCA1/2 variants and eight cases with BRCA1 promoter hypermethylation. In four BRCA1/2 variant–negative patients, surveillance or prophylactic management options were offered on the basis of positive family histories. We conclude that BRCA1/2 formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tumor tissue analysis reliably detects BRCA1/2 variants. When taking family history of BRCA1/2 variant–negative patients into account, tumor BRCA1/2 variant screening allows more efficient selection of epithelial ovarian cancer patients for genetic counseling and simultaneously selects patients who benefit most from targeted treatment.
|The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics|
|Organisation||Department of Medical Oncology|
de Jonge, M.M. (Marthe M.), Ruano, D, van Eijk, R, van der Stoep, N. (Nienke), Nielsen, M, Wijnen, J.T, … van Asperen, C.J. (Christi J.). (2018). Validation and Implementation of BRCA1/2 Variant Screening in Ovarian Tumor Tissue. The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics, 20(5), 600–611. doi:10.1016/j.jmoldx.2018.05.005