This thesis demonstrates the use of fluorescence-guided therapy in oncology.
First it shows the preclinical validation of two different targets and probes for fluorescence-guided surgery, results that pave the way towards clinical implementation.
Next, the utility of the NIR fluorescence Artemis camera is described.
Lastly, the first steps are made towards fluorescence theranostics in oncology: NIR fluorescence-guided surgery and intra-operative targeted photodynamic therapy.

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C.W.G.M. Löwik (Clemens) , A.L. Vahrmeijer (Alexander) , S. Keereweer (Stijn)
Erasmus University Rotterdam
Department of Radiology

van Driel, P. (2018, October 24). Fluorescence-guided Therapy in Oncology : Targeted Imaging and Photodynamic Therapy. Retrieved from