This paper tests the internal consistency of time trade-off utilities. We find significant violations of consistency in the direction predicted by loss aversion. The violations disappear for higher gauge durations. We show that loss aversion can also explain that for short gauge durations time trade-off utilities exceed standard gamble utilities. Our results suggest that time trade-off measurements that use relatively short gauge durations, like the widely used EuroQol algorithm, are affected by loss aversion and lead to utilities that are too high.

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Journal of Health Economics
Erasmus School of Economics

Bleichrodt, H., Pinto, J. L., & Abellan-Perpiñan, J. M. (2003). A Consistency Test of the Time Trade-Off. Journal of Health Economics, 22(6), 1037–1052. doi:10.1016/S0167-6296(03)00046-8