The concepts of critical theory require critical changes. Strategies of a Frankfurt school had been transformed in the new academic and institutional environment. The development of scientific research programs resulted in a flexible restructuring of research communities. The new complexity of research networks is less hierarchic, more mobile, not easily centralized. Theories of organizational learning reflect methodological compromises with respect to the paradigms and political compromises with respect to the governance structures. Nomadic, virtual and flexible research communities float in cyberspace discovering the fundamentals of democracy in an era of informational affluence

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Keywords critical theory, methodological and political compromises, research paradigms and communities
JEL Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior (jel L2), Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting (jel M), Business Administration: General (jel M10)
Publisher Erasmus Research Institute of Management
Persistent URL
Series ERIM Report Series Research in Management
Rights Copyright 2000, S. Magala, This report in the ERIM Report Series Research in Management is intended as a means to communicate the results of recent research to academic colleagues and other interested parties. All reports are considered as preliminary and subject to possibly major revisions. This applies equally to opinions expressed, theories developed, and data used. Therefore, comments and suggestions are welcome and should be directed to the authors.
Magala, S.J. (2000). Critical Complexities, (from marginal paradigms to learning networks) (No. ERS-2000-02-ORG). ERIM Report Series Research in Management. Erasmus Research Institute of Management. Retrieved from