Background: Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (ICC) is an aggressive malignancy. We sought to examine the association between preoperative prognostic nutritional index (PNI) and long-term overall survival among patients with ICC who underwent curative-intent resection. Methods: Patients who underwent hepatectomy for ICC between 1990 and 2015 were identified using an international multi-institutional database. Clinic-pathological characteristics and long-term outcomes of patients with PNI ≥ 40 and <40 were compared using univariable and multivariable analyses. Results: Among 637 patients, 53 patients had PNI < 40 (8.3%) and 584 patients had PNI ≥ 40 (91.7%). While there was no difference between PNI groups with regard to tumor size (P =.87), patients with PNI < 40 were more likely to have multifocal disease (PNI < 40, n = 16, 30.2% vs PNI ≥ 40, n = 65, 11.1%; P < 0.001), poorly differentiated or undifferentiated ICC (PNI < 40, n = 13, 25.5% vs PNI ≥ 40, n = 75, 13.1%; P = 0.020) and T2/T3/T4 disease vs patients with PNI ≥ 40 (PNI < 40, n = 38, 71.7% vs PNI ≥ 40, n = 265, 45.4%; P < 0.001). Patients with PNI ≥ 40 had better OS vs patients with PNI < 40 (5-year OS: PNI ≥ 40: 47.5%, 95% CI, 42.2 to 52.6% vs PNI < 40: 24.6%, 95% CI, 12.1 to 39.6%; P < 0.001). On multivariable analysis, PNI < 40 remained associated with increase risk of death (HR, 1.71; 95% CI, 1.15 to 2.53; P = 0.008). Conclusion: A low preoperative PNI was associated with a more aggressive ICC phenotype. After controlling for these factors, PNI remained independently associated with a markedly worse prognosis.

Additional Metadata
Keywords intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma, lymphocytes, nutritional index, surgery
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1002/jso.25140, hdl.handle.net/1765/110087
Journal Journal of Surgical Oncology
Citation
Akgül, Ö. (Özgür), Bagante, F, Olsen, G. (Griffin), Cloyd, J.M. (Jordan M.), Weiss, M. (Matthew), Merath, K. (Katiuscha), … Pawlik, T.M. (2018). Preoperative prognostic nutritional index predicts survival of patients with intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma after curative resection. Journal of Surgical Oncology. doi:10.1002/jso.25140