The most widespread technique used to register sets of medical images consists of selecting one image as fixed reference, to which all remaining images are successively registered. This pairwise scheme requires one optimization procedure per pair of images to register. Pairwise mutual information is a common dissimilarity measure applied to a large variety of datasets. Alternative methods, called groupwise registrations, have been presented to register two or more images in a single optimization procedure, without the need of a reference image. Given the success of mutual information in pairwise registration, we adapt one of its multivariate versions, called total correlation, in a groupwise context. We justify the choice of total correlation among other multivariate versions of mutual information, and provide full implementation details. The resulting total correlation measure is remarkably close to measures previously proposed by Huizinga et al. based on principal component analysis. Our experiments, performed on five quantitative imaging datasets and on a dynamic CT imaging dataset, show that total correlation yields registration results that are comparable to Huizinga’s methods. Total correlation has the advantage of being theoretically justified, while the measures of Huizinga et al. were designed empirically. Additionally, total correlation offers an alternative to pairwise mutual information on quantitative imaging datasets.,
Scientific Reports
This work was funded by the European Commission 7th Framework Programme; grant id imi/115151 - QUantitative Imaging in Cancer: CONnecting CEllular Processes with Therapy (QUIC-CONCEPT), This work was funded by the European Commission 7th Framework Programme; grant id fp7/601055 - VPH Dementia Research Enabled by IT (VPH-DARE@IT)
Biomedical Imaging Group Rotterdam

Guyader, J.-M, Huizinga, W, Poot, D.H.J, van Kranenburg, M, Uitterdijk, D.B, Niessen, W.J, & Klein, S. (2018). Groupwise image registration based on a total correlation dissimilarity measure for quantitative MRI and dynamic imaging data. Scientific Reports, 8(1). doi:10.1038/s41598-018-31474-7