We investigated the associations of ten previously identified high risk molecular lipid species and three ceramide ratios with the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) during a median follow-up of 4.7 years in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Between 2008 and 2011, 581 patients underwent diagnostic coronary angiography or percutaneous coronary intervention for stable angina pectoris (SAP) or acute coronary syndrome (ACS). Blood was drawn prior to the index procedure and lipid species were determined. The primary endpoint was the occurrence of a MACE, comprising all-cause mortality, nonfatal ACS, or unplanned coronary revascularization. The secondary endpoint comprised all-cause mortality or nonfatal ACS. During a median follow-up of 4.7 [IQR: 4.2-5.6] years, 155 patients (27%) had MACEs. In multivariable analyses, Cer(d18:1/16:0) concentration was associated with MACEs (hazard ratio 2.32; 95% CI [1.09-4.96] per natural logarithm (ln) (pmol/ml) P = 0.030) after adjustment for cardiac risk factors, clinical presentation, statin use at baseline, and admission nonHDL cholesterol level. Furthermore, after multivariable adjustment, concentrations of Cer(d18:1/16:0), Cer(d18:1/20:0), Cer(d18:1/24:1), and their ratios to Cer(d18:1/24:0) were associated with the composite endpoint death or nonfatal ACS. The data together show the circulating ceramide lipids we investigated here are associated with adverse cardiac outcome during long-term follow-up independent of clinical risk factors.

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Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1194/jlr.P081281, hdl.handle.net/1765/110117
Journal Journal of Lipid Research
Anroedh, S. (Sharda), Hilvo, M. (Mika), Martijn Akkerhuis, K. (K.), Kauhanen, D. (Dimple), Koistinen, K. (Kaisa), Oemrawsingh, R.M, … Kardys, I. (2018). Plasma concentrations of molecular lipid species predict long-term clinical outcome in coronary artery disease patients. Journal of Lipid Research, 59(9), 1729–1737. doi:10.1194/jlr.P081281