BACKGROUND: Groin injury and groin symptoms are common in soccer players. The relationship of groin injury and groin symptoms to reduced hip range of motion (ROM) and previous injury is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a retrospective assessment of associations between previous injury and preseason hip ROM and preseason prevalence of severe groin symptoms, and to prospectively identify risk factors for within-season groin injury. METHODS: During the period of 2015 to 2016, 190 players from 9 Dutch professional soccer clubs participated in this cohort study with prospective and retrospective elements. Univariate and multivariate logistic regressions were used to predict preseason severe groin symptoms, identified using the Copenhagen Hip and Groin Outcome Score, from a history of previous groin injury, general injury (minimum of 1 week in duration) in the previous season, and hip ROM. Cox regression was used to predict within-season groin injury. RESULTS: Point prevalence of severe groin symptoms was 24% and within-season incidence of groin injury was 11%. Total, training, and match groin injury incidences were 0.5, 0.2, and 2.6 injuries per 1000 playing hours, respectively. A history of more than 1 previous groin injury was associated with current severe groin symptoms (odds ratio = 3.0; 95% confidence interval: 1.0, 8.3; P = .038). General injury sustained in the previous season (ankle, knee, thigh, shoulder; median, 9 weeks of time loss) was a risk factor for groin injury (hazard ratio = 5.1; 95% confidence interval: 1.8, 14.6; P = .003). CONCLUSION: Severe injuries in the previous season to locations other than the groin increase the risk of groin injury the next season. A history of groin injury is associated with current severe groin symptoms. Preseason hip ROM does not identify players at risk for groin injury. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Prevention, level 2b.

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Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Department of Orthopaedics

Langhout, R., Tak, I., Van Beijsterveldt, A.-M. (Anne-Marie), Ricken, M. (Martijn), Weir, A., Barendrecht, M. (Maarten), … Stubbe, J. (2018). Risk factors for groin injury and groin symptoms in elite-level soccer players: A cohort study in the Dutch professional leagues. Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 48(9), 704–712. doi:10.2519/jospt.2018.7990