Controlled human malaria infections (CHMIs) with Plasmodium falciparum (Pf) parasites are well established. Exposure to five Pf (NF54)-infected Anopheles mosquitoes results in 100% infection rates in malaria-näive volunteers. Recently Pf clones NF135.C10 and NF166.C8 were generated for application in CHMIs. Here, we tested the clinical infection rates of these clones, using graded numbers of Pf-infected mosquitoes. In a double-blind randomized trial, we exposed 24 malaria-näive volunteers to bites from one, two, or five mosquitoes infected with NF135.C10 or NF166.C8. The primary endpoint was parasitemia by quantitative polymerase chain reaction. For both strains, bites by five infected mosquitoes resulted in parasitemiain4/4 volunteers; 3/4 volunteers developed parasitemia after exposure to one or two infected mosquitoes infected with either clone. The prepatent period was 7.25 ± 4.0 days (median ± range). There were no serious adverse events and comparable clinical symptoms between all groups. These data confirm the eligibility of NF135.C10 and NF166.C8 for use in CHMI studies.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.4269/ajtmh.18-0194, hdl.handle.net/1765/110236
Journal American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Citation
Langenberg, M.C.C. (Marijke C.C.), Wammes, L.J, McCall, M.A, Bijker, E.M. (Else M.), van Gemert, G-J, Graumans, W, … Sauerwein, R.W. (2018). Controlled human malaria infection with graded numbers of Plasmodium falciparum NF135.C10- or NF166.C8-infected mosquitoes. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene, 99(3), 709–712. doi:10.4269/ajtmh.18-0194