Objective: Offering a financial incentive ('Money for Medication') is effective in improving adherence to treatment with depot antipsychotic medications. We investigated the cost-effectiveness in terms of medical costs and judicial expenses of using financial incentives to improve adherence. The effects of financial incentives on depot medication adherence were evaluated in a randomised controlled trial. Patients in the intervention group received €30 a month over 12 months if antipsychotic depot medication was accepted. The control group received mental health care as usual. For 133 patients outcomes were calculated based on self-reported service use and delinquent behaviour and expressed as standard unit costs to value resource use. Results: The financial incentive resulted in higher average costs related to mental health care (€449.6 versus €355.7). and lower medical costs related to other healthcare services (€52.0 versus €78.4). Relevant differences in social costs related to delinquent behaviour were not found. Although wide confidence intervals indicate uncertainty, incremental cost-effectiveness ratio's (ICER) indicate that it costs €2080 for achieving a 20% increase in adherence or €3332 for achieving over 80% adherence. In sum, offering money as financial incentive for increasing compliance did not lead to an overall cost reduction as compared to care as usual. Trial registration NTR2350, 01 June 2010

Adherence, Antipsychotics, Financial incentives, Health care costs, Psychosis
dx.doi.org/10.1186/s13104-018-3747-1, hdl.handle.net/1765/110297
BMC Research Notes
Department of Psychiatry

Noordraven, E.L, Wierdsma, A.I, Blanken, P, Bloemendaal, A.F.T, & Mulder, C.L. (2018). Medical and social costs after using financial incentives to improve medication adherence: Results of a 1 year randomised controlled trial NTR2350 NTR. BMC Research Notes, 11(1). doi:10.1186/s13104-018-3747-1