A simple and specific UPLC–MS/MS method was developed and validated for simultaneous quantification of fentanyl, sufentanil, cefazolin, doxapram and its active metabolite keto-doxapram. The internal standard was fentanyl-d5 for all analytes. Chromatographic separation was achieved with a reversed-phase Acquity UPLC HSS T3 column with a run-time of only 5.0 min per injected sample. Gradient elution was performed with a mobile phase consisting of ammonium acetate or formic acid in Milli-Q ultrapure water or in methanol with a total flow rate of 0.4 mL min−1. A plasma volume of only 50 μL was required to achieve adequate accuracy and precision. Calibration curves of all five analytes were linear. All analytes were stable for at least 48 h in the autosampler. The method was validated according to US Food and Drug Administration guidelines. This method allows quantification of fentanyl, sufentanil, cefazolin, doxapram and keto-doxapram, which is useful for research as well as therapeutic drug monitoring, if applicable. The strength of this method is the combination of a small sample volume, a short run-time, a deuterated internal standard, an easy sample preparation method and the ability to simultaneously quantify all analytes in one run.

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Keywords cefazolin, doxapram, fentanyl, sufentanil, UPLC–MS/MS
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1002/bmc.4290, hdl.handle.net/1765/110451
Journal Biomedical Chromatography
Flint, R.B, Bahmany, S, van der Nagel, B.C, & Koch, B.C.P. (2018). Simultaneous quantification of fentanyl, sufentanil, cefazolin, doxapram and keto-doxapram in plasma using liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry. Biomedical Chromatography, 32(10). doi:10.1002/bmc.4290