Introduction: Liver transplantation has emerged as a successful therapy for end-stage liver disease. However, cardiovascular mortality is the leading cause of fatality in the postoperative period. The aim of this study was to reveal the prevalence and identify risk factors of early cardiovascular events (CVEs). Methods: We performed a retrospective study of all consecutive patients who underwent a primary liver transplantation from 1986 to 2017 (n = 916). We investigated the occurrence of in-hospital CVEs, their predictors, and short- and long-term outcome. Results: The prevalence of CVEs was 11%. The adjusted analysis showed that higher age (OR 1.06, 95% CI 1.03–1.09), higher MELD score (OR 1.04, 95% CI 1.01–1.07 CI) and sinus tachycardia at time of screening (OR 3.12, 95% CI 1.45–6.72) were positive predictors for a CVE. Preoperative propranolol use showed a trend towards a higher risk of CVE (OR 1.66, 95% CI 1.00–2.77, p = 0.051). In a sub-analysis of patients where echocardiography data were available (n = 597), a larger left atrial diameter and a higher E/E′ ratio were related to early CVEs. Ten-year survival in 30-day survivors was favourable (68.6%; 56.0% vs. 69.8% in the CVE+ vs. the CVE-group, respectively, p = 0.056). Discussion: In conclusion, besides known risk factors (age and MELD score), sinus tachycardia (related to the presence of acute liver failure and cirrhosis) was an independent predictor for CVE after liver transplantation.

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Netherlands Heart Journal
Department of Cardiology

Scholte, N.T.B. (N. T.B.), Lenzen, M., van der Hoven, B., Rietdijk, W., Metselaar, H., & den Uil, C. (2018). In-hospital cardiovascular events after liver transplantation: predictors and long-term outcome. Netherlands Heart Journal, 26(10), 506–511. doi:10.1007/s12471-018-1144-y