Background: Current imaging guidelines do not specify the preferred hepatobiliary contrast agent when differentiating hepatocellular adenoma (HCA) from focal nodular hyperplasia (FNH) on MRI. Purpose: To analyze intrapatient differences in the hepatobiliary phase (HBP) after use of both gadobenate dimeglumine (Gd-BOPTA) and gadoxetic acid (Gd-EOB-DTPA)-enhanced MRI to differentiate HCA from FNH. Study Type: Retrospective. Population: Patients who underwent both Gd-BOPTA and Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI, including 33 patients with 82 lesions (67 HCA; 15 FNH), with a step-down reference standard of pathology, 20% regression, identical appearance to earlier biopsied lesions, and stringent imaging findings. Field Strength/Sequence: 1.5T and 3T HBP of Gd-BOPTA and Gd-EOB-DTPA-enhanced MRI, precontrast fat-suppressed T1-weighted sequence. Assessment: Signal intensities relative to the surrounding liver in the HBP were assessed by two observers. Statistical Tests: Sensitivity and specificity of HCA diagnosis were calculated for both contrast agents. Interobserver agreement was evaluated using Cohen's kappa; differences in degree of certainty for scoring a lesion were calculated by means of the Wilcoxon signed rank test. Differences in signal intensity between Gd-BOPTA and Gd-EOB-DTPA were calculated using McNemar's test. Results: Almost perfect agreement was found between observers for scored signal intensities with both contrast agents. In 30 of the 82 lesions (37%) a difference was observed between contrast agents in the HBP, with Gd-EOB-DTPA proving correct in all but one of the discordant lesions. When distinguishing HCA from FNH, Gd-BOPTA showed a sensitivity of 46% (31/67) and a specificity of 87% (13/15), while the sensitivity and specificity of Gd-EOB-DTPA was 85% (57/67) and 100% (15/15), respectively. A risk of misclassifying HCA as FNH typically occurs for Gd-BOPTA when lesions are intrinsically hyperintense (P < 0.005). Data Conclusion: The HBP of Gd-EOB-DTPA shows superior accuracy in ruling out HCA in comparison with Gd-BOPTA, especially when the lesion is intrinsically hyperintense on T1-weighted imaging. Level of Evidence: 3. Technical Efficacy: Stage 3. J. Magn. Reson. Imaging 2018.,
Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Department of Radiology

Vanhooymissen, I.J.S.M.L, Thomeer, M.G.J, Braun, L.M.M, Gest, B. (Bibiche), van Koeverden, S. (Sebastiaan), Willemssen, F.E.J.A, … Dwarkasing, R.S. (2018). Intrapatient Comparison of the Hepatobiliary Phase of Gd-BOPTA and Gd-EOB-DTPA in the Differentiation of Hepatocellular Adenoma From Focal Nodular Hyperplasia. Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging. doi:10.1002/jmri.26227