Objective: To investigate the potential role of the Maudsley Staging Method (MSM) in the prediction of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) outcome in severely depressed adults. Method: Between August 2015 and August 2017, 73 consecutive patients with a major depressive episode (DSM-IV-TR) scheduled for ECT were recruited. Prior to their first ECT session, the MSM was completed to assess the level of therapy resistance. To determine the reduction in depression severity and response and remission rates, symptom severity was assessed at baseline and within one week after the last ECT session using the 17-item Hamilton Depression Rating Scale (HDRS17). Results: The percentage of symptom reduction following ECT was best predicted by the MSM episode duration and depression severity factors (R2 completer sample 0.24). Episode duration alone was the best predictor of remission (area under the ROC curve for completers: 0.72). Adding age to the models increased their predictive capacity. Conclusion: An adapted version of the MSM gauging shorter episode duration, more severe depressive symptoms and older age is significantly associated with ECT effectiveness in adults with severe recurrent depression and is thus highly suitable for use in clinical practice, promoting the shared treatment decision-making process.

Additional Metadata
Keywords decision-making, electroconvulsive therapy, major depressive disorder
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1111/acps.12962, hdl.handle.net/1765/110701
Journal Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica
Citation
van Diermen, L. (Linda), Hebbrecht, K. (Kaat), Schrijvers, D. (Didier), Sabbe, B.C.G. (Bernard C. G.), Fransen, E, & Birkenhäger, T.K. (2018). The Maudsley Staging Method as predictor of electroconvulsive therapy effectiveness in depression. Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica. doi:10.1111/acps.12962