Research question:
How does early 21st-century resource extractivism shape directions of agro-environmental change, and with what implications for whom?

In this research, addressing this main research question involves dealing with two research subquestions:
i) What are the social relations of production in the Guatemalan flex cane and palm complexes in the early 21st century?
ii) What are the politics of agro-environmental change in Guatemala during the convergent world crises conjuncture?

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M.N. Spoor (Max) , S.M. Borras jr. (Saturnino)
Erasmus University Rotterdam
ISS PhD Theses
International Institute of Social Studies of Erasmus University (ISS)

Alonso-Fradejas, A. (2018, September 10). The Rise of Agro-Extractive Capitalism : insights from Guatemala in the early 21st century. ISS PhD Theses. Retrieved from