Incidence and mortality from adverse effects of medical treatment in the UK, 1990-2013: Levels, trends, patterns and comparisons
Objective: To present an update on incidence and mortality from adverse effects (AEs) of medical treatment in the UK, its four countries and nine English regions between 1990 and 2013. Design: Descriptive epidemiological study on AEs of medical treatment. AEs are shown as a single cause-of-injury category from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD) 2013 study. Data sources: The GBD 2013 interactive data visualisation tools 'Epi Visualisation' and 'GBD Compare'. Outcome measures: The means of incidence and mortality rates with 95% uncertainty intervals (UIs). The estimates are age-standardised. Results: Incidence rate was 175 and 176 cases per 100 000 men, 173 and 174 cases per 100 000 women in 1990 and 2013, in the UK (UI 170-180). The mortality from AEs declined from 1.33 deaths (UI 0.99-1.5) to 0.92 deaths (UI 0.75-1.2) per 100 000 individuals in the UK between 1990 and 2013 (30.8% change). Although mortality trends were descending in every region of the UK, they varied by geography and gender. Mortality rates in Scotland, North East England and West Midlands were highest. Mortality rates in South England and Northern Ireland were lowest. In 2013, agespecific mortality rates were higher in males in all 20 age groups compared with females. Conclusions: Despite gains in reducing mortality from AEs of medical treatment in the UK between 1990 and 2013, the incidence of AEs remained the same. The results of this analysis suggest revising healthcare policies and programmes aimed to reduce incidence of AEs in the UK.
|Keywords||Adverse events, Complications, Health policy, Healthcare system, Measurement of quality, Mortality, Mortality), Patient outcomes (health status, Patient safety, Quality culture, Quality management, Quality of life|
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1093/intqhc/mzy068, hdl.handle.net/1765/110909|
|Journal||International Journal for Quality in Health Care|
Lunevicius, R, & Haagsma, J.A. (Juanita A.). (2018). Incidence and mortality from adverse effects of medical treatment in the UK, 1990-2013: Levels, trends, patterns and comparisons. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 30(7), 558–564. doi:10.1093/intqhc/mzy068