Impact of the Choice of IGF-I Assay and Normative Dataset on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Growth Hormone Deficiency in Children
Background: The analysis of insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) is an important tool for pediatricians in the diagnosis and treatment of growth hormone deficiency in children. However, significant differences exist in IGF-I assays and normative datasets, which can have important clinical consequences. Methods: IGF-I analyses were performed using the IDS-iSYS platform on 1,897 samples from pediatric patients (0.5-18 years old). Z-scores were calculated based on normative IGF-I data from Bidlingmaier et al. (SD-BM) [J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2014 May; 99(5): 1712-21] and normative IGF-I data from the IGF-I harmonization program in the Netherlands (SD-NL). The differences in Z-scores were analyzed at relevant clinical decision points (-2 SD, +2 SD). These normative datasets were also compared to normative data reported by Elmlinger et al. [Clin Chem Lab Med. 2004; 42(6): 654-64]. Results: The difference in Z-score between SD-BM and SD-NL was highest in males between 0 and 3 years old, exceeding 2 SD. Clinically relevant discordance between both Z-scores at -2 and +2 SD was found in 12.7% of all samples. The IGF-I levels at -2 and +2 SD reported in the normative dataset of Elmlinger et al. were up to 100% higher than the IGF-I levels reported by Bidlingmaier et al. or the Dutch harmonization program. Conclusion: Pediatricians and laboratory specialists should be aware of relevant differences that can exist between IGF-I assays and normative data. Well-defined pediatric reference ranges for the IDS-iSYS platform are highly desirable.
|Persistent URL||dx.doi.org/10.1159/000493133, hdl.handle.net/1765/110940|
|Journal||Hormone Research in Paediatrics|
Broeren, M.A.C. (Maarten A.C.), Krabbe, J.G. (Johannes G.), Boesten, L.S.M, Hokken-Koelega, A.C.S, & de Rijke, Y.B. (2018). Impact of the Choice of IGF-I Assay and Normative Dataset on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Growth Hormone Deficiency in Children. Hormone Research in Paediatrics. doi:10.1159/000493133