The role of the Male guardian in women's access to health services in Iran
International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family , Volume 32 - Issue 2 p. 230- 249
The law in Iran regards men as the heads of families and guardians of women, responsible for funding women's necessities of life. Having a male guardian might be an advantage for poor women, provided the male guardian fulfils his obligations. The law has several provisions to support women who are without a male guardian. However, some eligible women still face difficulties in enjoying their rights such as the right to social security. A married woman whose husband has enough financial resources, but does not provide access to necessities of life such as health care for her, is not eligible to receive governmental financial aid. The law recognizes her right to get divorced; however, this is not an appropriate solution for a woman with a low socio-economic status. In addition, the role of guardianship gives men the right to interfere in some rights of women, including the right to access health services. This policy is a discriminatory treatment of women and a violation of their right to control their body and health. Women are fully capable adults able to make autonomous decisions about their lives. The government of Iran should reconsider the laws and policies which negatively impact the ability of women to enjoy their right to health. Also, the government should identify and remove all barriers in the law and cultural attitudes of the population that hinder women's access to health services and social security. Women's rights should be guaranteed regardless of their marital status.
|International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family|
Kokabisaghi, F. (2018). The role of the Male guardian in women's access to health services in Iran. International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family, 32(2), 230–249. doi:10.1093/lawfam/eby007