Tract-specific diffusion measures, as derived from brain diffusion MRI, have been linked to white matter tract structural integrity and neurodegeneration. As a consequence, there is a large interest in the automatic segmentation of white matter tract in diffusion tensor MRI data. Methods based on the tractography are popular for white matter tract segmentation. However, because of the limited consistency and long processing time, such methods may not be suitable for clinical practice. We therefore developed a novel convolutional neural network based method to directly segment white matter tract trained on a low-resolution dataset of 9149 DTI images. The method is optimized on input, loss function and network architecture selections. We evaluated both segmentation accuracy and reproducibility, and reproducibility of determining tract-specific diffusion measures. The reproducibility of the method is higher than that of the reference standard and the determined diffusion measures are consistent. Therefore, we expect our method to be applicable in clinical practice and in longitudinal analysis of white matter microstructure.

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Keywords 3D, Convolution neural network, Diffusion measurements, DTI, Low resolution, Segmentation, Tract, White Matter
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-00919-9_24, hdl.handle.net/1765/110970
Series Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
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Citation
Li, B. (Bo), de Groot, M, Vernooij, M.W. (Meike W.), Ikram, M.A, Niessen, W.J, & Bron, E.E. (2018). Reproducible white matter tract segmentation using 3D U-net on a large-scale DTI dataset. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics). doi:10.1007/978-3-030-00919-9_24