Dynamic ride-sharing systems enable people to share rides and increase the efficiency of urban transportation by connecting riders and drivers on short notice. Automated systems that establish ride-share matches with minimal input from participants provide convenience and the most potential for system-wide performance improvement, such as reduction in total vehicle-miles traveled. Indeed, such systems may be designed to match riders and drivers to maximize system performance improvement. However, system-optimal matches may not provide the maximum benefit to each individual participant. In this paper, we consider a notion of stability for ride-share matches and present several mathematical programming methods to establish stable or nearly stable matches, where we note that ride-share matching optimization is performed over time with incomplete information. Our numerical experiments using travel demand data for the metropolitan Atlanta region show that we can significantly increase the stability of ride-share matching solutions at the cost of only a small degradation in system-wide performance.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Dynamic ride-sharing, Stable matching, Sustainable transportation
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1287/trsc.2017.0768, hdl.handle.net/1765/111099
Journal Transportation Science
Citation
Wang, X, Agatz, N.A.H, & Erera, A.L. (2018). Stable matching for dynamic ride-sharing systems. Transportation Science, 52(4), 850–867. doi:10.1287/trsc.2017.0768