The work engagement–performance link: an episodic perspective
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to integrate job demands–resources theory and the episodic process model to examine the relationships between episodic cognitive mechanisms (i.e. cognitive interference and attentional pull), work engagement and performance. It is hypothesized that an episode characterized by less cognitive interference and more attentional pull (i.e. attraction toward the work activity) is associated with the highest levels of work engagement and job performance. Additionally, it is hypothesized that episodic challenge/hindrance job demands boost/diminish the positive relationship between episodic job resources and work engagement. Design/methodology/approach: Using experience sampling methodology, 48 employees used their smartphones to complete surveys three times a day for one week, resulting in 266 observations. Findings: Results of multilevel analyses suggest that episodic hindrance job demands (but not challenge job demands) moderate the positive relation between job resources and work engagement. Originality/value: This study is unique in that it captures fluctuating cognitive processes (i.e. attentional pull and cognitive interference) that take place during work activities.
|Attentional pull, Episodic process model, Episodic work engagement, Job demands–resources theory|
|Career Development International|
|Organisation||Department of Industrial and Organizational Psychology|
Reina-Tamayo, A.M. (Andrea Marcela), Bakker, A.B, & Derks-Theunissen, D.A.J.A. (2018). The work engagement–performance link: an episodic perspective. Career Development International. doi:10.1108/CDI-10-2017-0179