Background: Incisional hernia is a frequent complication after abdominal surgery. A risk factor for incisional hernia, related to body composition, is obesity. Poor skeletal muscle mass might also be a risk factor, as it may result in weakness of the abdominal wall. However, it remains unknown if sarcopenia (i.e. low skeletal muscle mass) is a risk factor for incisional hernia. Therefore, this study aims to investigate whether a relation between sarcopenia and incisional hernia exists. Methods: Patients from the STITCH trial, who underwent elective midline laparotomy, were included. Computed tomography examinations performed within 3 months preoperatively were used to measure the skeletal muscle index (SMI; cm2/m2). Primarily, SMI measured continuously, sarcopenia based on previously described cut-off values for the SMI, and sarcopenia as the lowest gender-specific SMI quartile were assessed as measures to predict incisional hernia occurrence. Secondary, the association between these three measures and post-operative complications was investigated. Results: In total, 283 patients (45.2% male; mean age 63.7 years; mean BMI 25.36 kg/m2) were included, of whom 52 (18%) developed an incisional hernia. Mean SMI was 44.23 cm2/m2 (SD 7.77). The Nagelkerke value for the three measures of sarcopenia was about 0.020 (2.0%) for incisional hernia development. Logistic regressions with the three measures of sarcopenia did not show any predictive value of the model (area under the curve (AUC) of 0.67 for incisional hernia; 0.69 for post-operative complications). Discussion: In this study, sarcopenia does not seem to be a risk factor for the development of an incisional hernia.,
World Journal of Surgery
Department of Surgery

van Rooijen, M.M.J. (M. M.J.), Kroese, L., van Vugt, J., & Lange, J. (2018). Sarcomania? The Inapplicability of Sarcopenia Measurement in Predicting Incisional Hernia Development. World Journal of Surgery. doi:10.1007/s00268-018-4837-x