We explore the causes of the credit crunch during the European sovereign debt crisis and its impact on the corporate policies of European firms. Our results show that value impairment in banks’ exposures to sovereign debt and the risk-shifting behavior of weakly capitalized banks reduced the probability of firms being granted new syndicated loans by up to 53%. This lending contraction depressed investment, employment, and sales growth of firms affiliated with affected banks. Our estimates based on firm-level data suggest that the credit crunch explains between 44% and 66% of the overall negative real effects suffered by European firms. Received April 5, 2016; editorial decision February 3, 2018 by Editor Andrew Karolyi. Authors have furnished an Internet Appendix, which is available on the Oxford University Press Web site next to the link to the final published paper online.

The Review of Financial Studies
Erasmus School of Economics

Acharya, V., Eisert, T., Eufinger, C., & Hirsch, C. (2018). Real Effects of the Sovereign Debt Crisis in Europe: Evidence from Syndicated Loans. The Review of Financial Studies, 31(8), 2855–2896. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/111941