Background: The genetic bases of PD in sub-Saharan African (SSA) populations remain poorly characterized, and analysis of SSA families with PD might lead to the discovery of novel disease-related genes. Objectives: To investigate the clinical features and identify the disease-causing gene in a black South African family with 3 members affected by juvenile-onset parkinsonism and intellectual disability. Methods: Clinical evaluation, neuroimaging studies, whole-exome sequencing, homozygosity mapping, two-point linkage analysis, and Sanger sequencing of candidate variants. Result: A homozygous 28-nucleotide frameshift deletion in the PTRHD1 coding region was identified in the 3 affected family members and linked to the disease with genome-wide significant evidence. PTRHD1 was recently nominated as the disease-causing gene in two Iranian families, each containing 2 siblings with similar phenotypes and homozygous missense mutations. Conclusion: Together with the previous reports, we provide conclusive evidence that loss-of-function mutations in PTRHD1 cause autosomal-recessive juvenile parkinsonism and intellectual disability.

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Keywords genetics, intellectual disability, parkinsonism, PTRHD1, Sub-Saharan African
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Journal Movement Disorders
Kuipers, D, Carr, J. (Jonathan), Bardien, S. (Soraya), Thomas, P. (Pearl), Sebate, B. (Boiketlo), Breedveld, G.J, … Quadri, M. (2018). PTRHD1 Loss-of-function mutation in an african family with juvenile-onset Parkinsonism and intellectual disability. Movement Disorders. doi:10.1002/mds.27501