Purpose: To relate erythrocyte sedimentation rates (ESR) and C-reactive protein (CRP) values to different uveitis entisties. Methods: A retrospective study of patients with a first episode of active uveitis visiting the Erasmus University Medical Center, uveitis clinic, Rotterdam, the Netherlands, was performed. Levels of ESR and CRP were determined within 2 weeks and 1 week after onset of uveitis, respectively. Uveitis had to be of unknown origin at that moment. The specific etiologic groups were related to ESR and CRP values. Results: The majority of patients with uveitis had ESR and/or CRP values within the normal limits and no association of ESR and/or CRP with the specific cause of uveitis was observed. However, elevation of ESR ≥ 60 mm/h and/or CRP ≥ 60 mg/L was mostly seen in patients with systemic immune-mediated diseases (8/59, 14% of all with immune-mediated diseases) or systemic infectious causes (7/38, 18% of all infectious uveitis). Patients with ocular toxoplasmosis typically exhibited normal ESR and CRP (9/11, 82%) while patients with endogenous endophthalmitis had elevated ESR and/or CRP in 6/7, 86%. Sarcoidosis-associated uveitis showed predominantly elevated ESR (13/24, 54%; range 20–59 mm/h in 11/13, 85%). Human immunodeficiency virus–positive patients had more often elevated ESR values when compared to the remainder of patients (9/11, 82% vs. 64/163, 39%, 18%, P = 0.009). The cause of uveitis was established in 19/20 (95%) of patients with ESR ≥ 60 mm/h and/or CRP ≥ 60 mg/L. Conclusions: The majority of patients with first attack of uveitis had ESR and CRP within the normal limits. Elevated levels of ESR and CRP reflected systemic involvement and high levels of both values were associated with established uveitis cause.

Additional Metadata
Keywords C-reactive protein, Diagnostics, Erythrocyte sedimentation rate, Uveitis
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00417-018-4174-7, hdl.handle.net/1765/112107
Journal Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology
Citation
Groen-Hakan, F, Eurelings, L. (Laura), van Laar, J.A.M, & Rothová, A. (2018). Relevance of erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein in patients with active uveitis. Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology. doi:10.1007/s00417-018-4174-7