BACKGROUND: The influenza H1N1 pandemic of 2009-2010, provided a unique opportunity to assess the course of disease, as well as the analysis of risk factors for severe disease in hospitalized children (< 18 years). METHODS: Retrospective national chart study on hospitalized children with H1N1 infection during the 2009-2010 pH1N1 outbreak. RESULTS: Nine hundred forty patients (56% boys), median age 3.0 years, were enrolled; the majority were previously healthy. Treatment consisted of supplemental oxygen (24%), mechanical ventilation (5%) and antiviral therapy (63%). Fifteen patients died (1.6%), 5 of whom were previously healthy. Multivariable analyses confirmed pre-existent heart and lung disease as risk factors for intensive care unit admission. Risk factors for mortality included children with a neurologic or oncologic disease and psychomotor retardation. CONCLUSIONS: This nationwide overview of hospitalized children confirms known risk groups for severe influenza infections. However, most of the acute and severe presentations of influenza occurred in previously healthy children.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1097/INF.0000000000002177, hdl.handle.net/1765/112142
Journal The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
Citation
Ahout, I.M.L. (Inge M L), Philipsen, R.L.A. (Ria L A), Las, M. (Mariëtte), Baysan, M. (Meryem), Brus, F, Rahamat-Langendoen, J.C. (Jeanette C.), … de Groot, R. (2018). Nationwide Study on the Course of Influenza A (H1N1) Infections in Hospitalized Children in the Netherlands During the Pandemic 2009-2010. The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 37(12), e283–e291. doi:10.1097/INF.0000000000002177