Objective: Congenital hypothyroidism (CH) per se, when not treated or undertreated, may lead to severe behavioural problems (cretinism), whereas overtreatment of CH seems associated with attention problems. Design and Methods: For 55 CH patients, prospectively followed from birth until 11 years, parents rated the Child Behaviour Checklist and teachers the Teacher's Report Form at children's ages 6 and 11 years. We related scores regarding Attention, Delinquency, and Aggression (ADA scores, indicative for attention deficit hyperactivity syndrome, ADHD), and scores regarding Withdrawn, Anxious, Social, and Thought problems (WAST scores, indicative for autism) to the occurrence of over- and undertreatment in five age periods. Over- and undertreatment were defined as free thyroxine (fT4) concentrations above/below the range of the patient's individual fT4 steady state concentration. Results: ADA scores at 6 and 11 years for patients overtreated in the period 1-3 months postnatally were higher than those for patients who were not overtreated. Patients with severe CH undertreated in the period 3-6 months postnatally had higher WAST scores at 6 and 11 years than all other patients. Conclusions: This is the first study suggesting that permanent ADHD as well as autism in CH patients at ages 6 and 11 years are the result of early overtreatment and undertreatment, respectively.

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doi.org/10.1159/000494056, hdl.handle.net/1765/112191
Hormone Research in Paediatrics

Bongers-Schokking, J. J., Resing, W., Oostdijk, W., de Rijke, Y., & de Muinck Keizer-Schrama, S. (2018). Relation between Early Over- and Undertreatment and Behavioural Problems in Preadolescent Children with Congenital Hypothyroidism. Hormone Research in Paediatrics, 1–10. doi:10.1159/000494056