Objectives: To evaluate the in vivo feasibility of aortography with one accurately timed diastolic low-volume contrast injection for quantitative assessment of aortic regurgitation (AR) post transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR). Background: With the rise of a minimalistic approach for TAVR, aortography (re)emerges as a pragmatic tool for AR assessment. In a mock circulation system, we have validated the accuracy of a single diastolic injection triggered by electrocardiogram (ECG) with low-contrast volume. Methods: Two-phase experiment: first, a series of aortograms were performed in a porcine model, with 8 mL of contrast using the synchronized (SYNC) and the conventional non-synchronized (NS) injections. In a second phase, we developed a model of AR by inserting partially unsheathed Wallstents of 6–10 mm of diameter across the pig's aortic valve, performing SYNC injections with 8 mL of contrast and NS injections with 8 mL and 15 mL (rate: 20 mL/sec). Respective accuracies of SYNC vs. NS were assessed using Passing-Bablock regression. An angiography core laboratory performed quantitative AR assessment with videodensitometry (VD-AR). Results: The SYNC injections produced higher opacification of the aortic root compared with NS injections (P = 0.04 for density). In the second phase, a regression line for predicting VD-AR based on the SYNC injection resulted in a lower intercept and a slope closer to the line of identity (y = 11.9 + 0.79x, P < 0.001, r2 = 0.94) with the NS-8 mL than with the NS-15 mL injection (y = 26.5 + 0.55x, P < 0.001, r2 = 0.81). Conclusion: Synchronized diastolic injection with low contrast volume produced denser images in the aortic root and more accurate than the conventional injection; thus, may be an appealing alternative for assessment of AR post TAVR.

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Keywords aortic insufficiency, aortography, paravalvular regurgitation, TAVR, videodensitometry
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1002/ccd.27972, hdl.handle.net/1765/112280
Journal Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Modolo, R. (Rodrigo), Miyazaki, Y, Chang, C.C. (Chun Chin), te Lintel Hekkert, M, van Sloun, M. (Math), Suchecki, T. (Todd), … Serruys, P.W.J.C. (2018). Feasibility study of a synchronized diastolic injection with low contrast volume for proper quantitative assessment of aortic regurgitation in porcine models. Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions. doi:10.1002/ccd.27972