The study sought to compare angiographic and clinical outcomes of new-generation drug-eluting stents (DES) versus drug-coated balloon (DCB) in patients with coronary in-stent restenosis (ISR). Design Meta-analysis using data from randomised trial found by searches on PubMed, the Cochrane Library, and websites of major cardiovascular congresses. Setting Only randomised trials comparing DES with DCB were included. Participants Patients with ISR in the included trials. Interventions New-generation DES versus DCB. Outcomes The angiographic and clinical outcomes including cardiac death, all-cause death, myocardial infarction, target lesion revascularisation (TLR), target vessel revascularisation (TVR), major adverse cardiac events (MACE) and stent thrombosis were investigated. Results Five trials including 913 patients were eligible and included. Pooled analysis in angiographic results identified that new-generation DES were associated with higher acute luminal gain ( 0.31 mm, 95% CI 0.42 to 0.20, P<0.001) and lower per cent diameter stenosis (risk ratio (RR): 0.28, 95% CI 0.02 to 0.55, P=0.04). DES significantly reduced the risk of TLR (RR: 1.96, 95% CI 1.17 to 3.28, P=0.01) compared with DCB; however, there was no statistical differences for MACE (RR: 1.21, 95% CI 0.67 to 2.17, P=0.53), myocardial infarction (RR: 1.16, 95% CI 0.55 to 2.48, P=0.69) and cardiac death (RR: 1.80, 95% CI 0.60 to 5.39, P=0.29). Conclusions Interventions with new-generation DES appear to be associated with significant reduction in per cent diameter stenosis and TLR at short-term follow-up, but had similar MACE, myocardial infarction and cardiac death for patients with coronary ISR compared with DCB. Appropriately powered studies with longer term follow-up are warranted to confirm these findings.

drug-coated balloon, drug-eluting stents, in-stent restenosis, meta-analysis,
BMJ Open
Department of Cardiology

Cai, J.-Z. (Jin-Zan), Zhu, Y.-X. (Yong-Xiang), Wang, X.-Y. (Xin-Yu), Bourantas, C.V, Iqbal, J. (Javaid), Zhu, H, … Zhang, Y. (2018). Comparison of new-generation drug-eluting stents versus drug-coated balloon for in-stent restenosis: A meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials. BMJ Open, 8(2). doi:10.1136/bmjopen-2017-017231