Purpose: To explore the effects of pegvisomant (PEGV) on glucose metabolism in patients with acromegaly within ACROSTUDY, an international, observational, prospective safety surveillance study. Methods: Patients were retrospectively divided into two cohorts, with (DM group) or without diabetes mellitus (no-DM). Parameters of glucose metabolism and IGF-I values were analyzed yearly both cross-sectionally for 4 years (yrs) and longitudinally at 1 and 4–5 yrs of PEGV treatment. Results: Among 1762 patients, 510 (28.9%) had DM before PEGV start. At cross-sectional analyses, in the DM group mean blood glucose was 140.0 ± 58.7 mg/dl at baseline, 116.4 ± 44.8 mg/dl at year 1 and 120.0 ± 44.3 mg/dl at yr 4. Mean HbA1c was 6.6 ± 1.2 % at yr 1 vs. 7.0 ± 1.4 % at baseline. HbA1c was above 6.5% in 61.9% at baseline and ranged from 45.4 to 53.8% at subsequent yearly time points. At the 4-yr longitudinal analysis, in the DM group (n = 109), mean blood glucose decreased by 20.2 mg/dl at yr 4, mean HbA1c was 7.0 ± 1.5% at baseline vs. 6.8 ± 1.4%. Patients achieved IGF-I normalization in 52.1% and 57.4% of cases in the DM and no-DM groups, respectively at 1 year. The mean daily PEGV dose (mg/day) was higher in the DM group (18.2 vs. 15.3) while the absolute change of IGF-I values from baseline was similar in both groups. PEGV was well tolerated in both groups without any unexpected AEs. Conclusions: Patients with DM had a moderate decrease in mean fasting glucose values during PEGV treatment.

Additional Metadata
Keywords Acromegaly, Diabetes, HbA1c, IGF-I, PEGV, Surveillance study
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12020-018-1792-0, hdl.handle.net/1765/112795
Journal Endocrine : International Journal of Basic and Clinical Endocrinology
Citation
Brue, T, Lindberg, A, Jan van der Lely, A. (Aart), Åkerblad, A.-C, Kołtowska-Häggström, M, Gomez, R, … Camacho-Hübner, C. (2018). Diabetes in patients with acromegaly treated with pegvisomant: observations from acrostudy. Endocrine : International Journal of Basic and Clinical Endocrinology. doi:10.1007/s12020-018-1792-0