This paper investigates how public equity issuance is related to stock market liquidity. Using quarterly data on IPOs and SEOs in 36 countries over the period 1995-2008, we show that equity issuance is significantly and positively related to contemporaneous and lagged innovations in aggregate local market liquidity. This relation survives the inclusion of proxies for market timing, capital market conditions, growth prospects, asymmetric information, and investor sentiment. Liquidity considerations are as important in explaining equity issuance as market timing considerations. The relation between liquidity and issuance is driven by the quarters with the greatest deterioration in liquidity and is stronger for IPOs than for SEOs. Firms are more likely to carry out private instead of public equity issues and to postpone public equity issues when market liquidity worsens. Overall, we interpret our findings as supportive of the view that market liquidity is an important determinant of equity issuance that is distinct from other determinants examined to date.

International finance, IPOs, SEOs, market liquidity, market timing
Financing Policy; Capital and Ownership Structure (jel G32), International Finance: General (jel F30), International Financial Markets (jel G15),
ERIM Top-Core Articles
Journal of Financial Economics
Department of Finance

Hanselaar, R.M., Stulz, R.M., & van Dijk, M.A. (2018). Do Firms Issue More Equity When Markets Become More Liquid?. Journal of Financial Economics, Accepted. doi:10.2139/ssrn.2291647