Objective In the era of limited healthcare budgets, healthcare costs of heart valve implantations need to be considered to inform cost-effectiveness analyses. We aimed to provide age group-specific costs estimates of heart valve implantations, related complications and other healthcare utilisation following the intervention. Methods We performed retrospective analyses of healthcare costs of patients who had undergone heart valve implantations in 2010–2013 and controls using claims data from Dutch health insurers. Heart valve implantations included surgical valve replacement and transcatheter valve implantation in all heart valve positions. Patients were divided in four age groups. Control groups were created by taking random samples of the Dutch population stratified by age, gender, socioeconomic status and comorbidities. We applied non-parametric bootstrapping to address uncertainty of the cost estimates. The association of patient and intervention characteristics with costs was determined by (multilevel) generalised linear models. Results The baseline characteristics of 18 903 patients and 188 925 controls were comparable. The annual healthcare costs were substantially higher for surgical heart valve replacement patients than for controls, especially in the year of heart valve implantation. Factors associated with increased annual healthcare costs for patients were older age, female gender, comorbidities, low socioeconomic status and complications. Conclusions We provided a comprehensive overview of age group-specific incidence of heart valve implantations, subsequent survival and complications as well as associated healthcare costs of all patients in the Netherlands. Our results provide real-world costs estimates that can be used as a benchmark for costs of future innovative heart valve implantations.

Additional Metadata
Persistent URL dx.doi.org/10.1136/openhrt-2017-000672, hdl.handle.net/1765/113216
Journal Open Heart
Citation
Huygens, S.A, Goossens, L.M.A, van Erkelens, J.A., Takkenberg, J.J.M, & Rutten-van Mölken, M.P.M.H. (2018). How much does a heart valve implantation cost and what are the health care costs afterwards?. Open Heart, 5(1). doi:10.1136/openhrt-2017-000672