In this study, we evaluated the usability aspects of medication-related clinical decision support systems in the outpatient setting. Articles published between 2000 and 2016 in Scopus, PubMed and EMBASE were searched and classified into three usability aspects: Effectiveness, Efficiency and Satisfaction. Using Van Welie et al.’s usability model, we categorized usability aspects in terms of usage indicators and means. Out of the 1999 articles, 24 articles met the selection criteria of which the main focus was on reducing inappropriate medication, prescription rate and prescription errors. Evidence could mainly be found for Effectiveness and showed high rates of positive results in reducing medication errors. To date, the effects of Efficiency and Satisfaction of clinical decision support systems regarding medication prescription remain understudied. Usability aspects such as memorability, learnability, adaptability, shortcuts and consistency require more attention. Studies are needed for better insight into the user model and to design a knowledge/task model for clinical decision support systems regarding medication prescription.

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Health Informatics Journal
Erasmus University Rotterdam

Hardenbol, A.X. (Alec Xander), Knols, B. (Bram), Louws, M. (Mathijs), Askari, M, & Meulendijk, M. (Michiel). (2018). Usability aspects of medication-related decision support systems in the outpatient setting: A systematic literature review. Health Informatics Journal. doi:10.1177/1460458218813732