Conventional sectoral management and piecemeal governance are considered less and less appropriate in pursuit of sustainable development. Ecosystem based marine spatial management (EB-MSM) is an approach that recognizes the full array of interactions within an ecosystem, including human uses, rather than considering single issues, species, or ecosystem services in isolation. Marine spatial planning and ocean zoning are emerging concepts that can support EB-MSM. EB-MSM is driven by high-level goals that managers aim to achieve through the implementation of measures. High-level goals and objectives need to be translated into more operational objectives before specific targets, limits and measures can be elaborated.,
Ocean and Coastal Management
Department of Public Administration and Sociology (DPAS)

Katsenevanis, S., Stelzenmuller, V., South, A., & Duijn, M. (2011). Ecosystem-based marine spatial management: review of concepts, policies, tools and critical issues. Ocean and Coastal Management, 54, 807–820. doi:10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2011.09.002