Objective: To assess levels of self-efficacy for health-related behaviour change and its correlates in patients with TIA or ischemic stroke. Methods: In this prospective cohort study, 92 patients with TIA or ischemic stroke completed questionnaires on self-efficacy for health-related behaviour change and fear, social support and depressive symptoms. Relations between fear, social support, depressive symptoms, cognitive impairment, vascular risk factors and history and demographic characteristics and low-self-efficacy were studied with univariable and multivariable logistic regression. Results: Median total self-efficacy score at baseline was 4 (IQR 4–5). Older age (OR 1.05, 95% CI 1.01–1.09), depressive symptoms (OR 1.09, 95% CI 1.03–1.16), presence of vascular history (OR 2.42, 95% CI 0.97–6.03), higher BMI (OR 1.15, 95% CI 1.01–1.30), fear (OR 1.06, 95% CI 1.01–1.12) and low physical activity (OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.01–2.21) were significantly associated with low self-efficacy. Conclusion: Patients with recent TIA or ischemic stroke report high self-efficacy scores for health-related behaviour change. Age, vascular history, more depressive symptoms, higher BMI, less physical activity and fear were correlates of low self-efficacy levels. Practice implications: These correlates should be taken into account in the development of interventions to support patients in health behaviour change after TIA or ischemic stroke.

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doi.org/10.1080/08870446.2018.1508686, hdl.handle.net/1765/113807
Psychology & Health
Department of Public Health

Brouwer-Goossensen, D., van Genugten, L., Lingsma, H., Dippel, D., Koudstaal, P., & den Hertog, H. (2018). Self-efficacy for health-related behaviour change in patients with TIA or minor ischemic stroke. Psychology & Health. doi:10.1080/08870446.2018.1508686