We examine the effect of prenatal alcohol exposure on child academic achievement. We use a genetic variant in the maternal alcohol-metabolism gene ADH1B to instrument for alcohol exposure, whilst controlling for the child’s genotype on the same variant. We show that the instrument is unrelated to an extensive range of parental characteristics and behaviour. OLS regressions suggest an ambiguous association between alcohol exposure and attainment but there is a strong social gradient in drinking, with mothers in higher socio-economic groups more likely to drink. In contrast to the OLS, the IV estimates show clear negative effects of prenatal alcohol exposure

The Economic Journal
Department of Applied Economics

von Hinke Kessler Scholder, S., Wehby, G., Lewis, S., & Zuccolo, L. (2014). Alcohol Exposure In Utero and Child Academic Achievement. The Economic Journal, 124(576), 634–667. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/1765/114077