There has been much interest recently in the relationship between economic conditions and mortality, with some studies showing that mortality is pro-cyclical, while others find the opposite. Some suggest that the aggregation level of analysis (e.g. individual vs. regional) matters. We use both individual and aggregated data on a sample of 20–64 year-old Swedish men from 1993 to 2007. Our results show that the association between the business cycle and mortality does not depend on the level of analysis: the sign and magnitude of the parameter estimates are similar at the individual level and the aggregate (county) level; both showing pro-cyclical mortality.,
Journal of Health Economics
Department of Applied Economics

van den Berg, L., Gerdtham, U., von Hinke Kessler Scholder, S.M.L., Lindeboom, M., Lissdaniels, J., Sundquist, J., & Sundquist, K. (2017). Mortality and the Business Cycle: Evidence from Individual and Aggregated Data. Journal of Health Economics, 56, 61–70. doi:10.1016/j.jhealeco.2017.09.005