Given theoretical premises, the gender-wage gap adjusted for individual characteristics is likely to vary according to age. This study adapts John DiNardo, Nicole M. Fortin, and Thomas Lemieux's (1996) semi-parametric technique to disentangle year, cohort, and age effects in adjusted gender-wage gaps. The study relies on a long panel of data from the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP) covering 1984–2015. The results indicate that, in Germany, the gender-wage gap increases over a birth cohort's lifetime, including in the post-reproductive age for some birth cohorts. The results suggest that age and gender are overlapping handicaps in the labor market and call for a policy intervention.

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Journal Feminist Economics
van Staveren, I.P, Tyrowicz, J, & van der Velde, L. (2018). Does Age Exacerbate the Gender-Wage Gap? New Method and Evidence from Germany, 1984-2014. Feminist Economics, 24(4), 108–130. doi:10.1080/13545701.2018.1503418