Purpose: This large two-part, three-arm phase I study examined the safety and tolerability of CC-486 (an oral formulation of azacitidine, a hypomethylating agent) alone or in combination with the cytotoxic agents, carboplatin or nab-paclitaxel, in patients with advanced unresectable solid tumors. Patients and Methods: Part 1 (n ¼ 57) was a dose escalation of CC-486 alone (arm C) or with carboplatin (arm A) or nab-paclitaxel (arm B). The primary endpoint was safety, MTD, and recommended part 2 dose (RP2D) of CC-486. In part 2 (n ¼ 112), the primary endpoint was the safety and tolerability of CC-486 administered at the RP2D for each treatment arm, in tumor-specific expansion cohorts. Secondary endpoints included pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and antitumor activity of CC-486. Results: At pharmacologically active doses CC-486 in combination with carboplatin or nab-paclitaxel had a tolerable safety profile and no drug–drug interactions. The CC-486 RP2D was determined as 300 mg (every day, days 1–14/21) in combination with carboplatin (arm A) or as monotherapy (arm C); and 200 mg in the same dosing regimen in combination with nab-paclitaxel (arm B). Albeit limited by the small sample size, CC-486 monotherapy resulted in partial responses (three/eight) and stable disease (four/eight) in patients with nasopharyngeal cancer. Three of the stable disease responses lasted more than 150 days. Conclusions: CC-486 is well tolerated alone or in combination with carboplatin or nab-paclitaxel. Exploratory analyses suggest clinical activity of CC-486 monotherapy in nasopharyngeal cancer and provided the basis for an ongoing phase II clinical trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02269943).

doi.org/10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-17-3716, hdl.handle.net/1765/114126
Clinical Cancer Research

Von Hoff, D.D, Rasco, D.W, Heath, E.I, Munster, P.N, Schellens, J.H.M, Isambert, N, … Bendell, J.C. (Johanna C.). (2018). Phase I study of CC-486 alone and in combination with carboplatin or nab-paclitaxel in patients with relapsed or refractory solid tumors. Clinical Cancer Research, 24(17), 4072–4080. doi:10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-17-3716