Extant cluster policy research has largely ignored the particular role that cluster organizations play in reifying cluster policies in practice. Based on a survey of 163 cluster organizations in the European life sciences sector, this study explores the heterogeneity of cluster organizations in geographic space and examines whether and where revealed competition – defined as the combined overlap in service offerings, sub-sectoral focus and funding sources – between life science cluster organizations within European regions is most apparent. The findings indicate that the degree of functional and sectoral substitutability of cluster organizations differs substantially across Europe, though some regions, particularly in Spain, Denmark, France and Estonia, are more prone to revealed competition.

Cluster organizations, cluster policy, competition, Europe, life sciences
dx.doi.org/10.1177/0308518X18802325, hdl.handle.net/1765/114196
Environment and Planning A: international journal of urban and regional research
Erasmus School of Economics

Karreman, B, Burger, M.J, & van Eenennaam, F. (2018). Revealed competition between cluster organizations: An exploratory analysis of the European life sciences sector. Environment and Planning A: international journal of urban and regional research, 51(3), 705–723. doi:10.1177/0308518X18802325